英语论文写作的语言技巧总结(2)
作者:佚名; 更新时间:2017-10-14

  用中文来说,这一部份是左右逢源。把审稿人想到的问题提前给一个交代,同时表明你已经在思考这些问题,但是由于文章长度,试验进度或者试验手段的制约,暂时不能回答这些问题。但是,这些通过你的一些建议,这些问题在将来的研究中游可能实现。

  P.S.

  坚信观点的真实性:prove, demonstrate

  不确定性: show,indicate,found

  表示推测: imply,suggest

  6.2 关于结论中的时态:

  (1) 回顾研究目的时,通常使用过去时。如:In this study, the effects of two different learning methods were investigated.

  (2) 如果所概述结果的有效性只是针对本次特定的研究,需用过去时;如果具有普遍的意义,则用现在时。如: In the first series of trials, the experimental values were all lower than the theoretical predictions. The experimental and theoretical values for the yields agree well.

  (3) 阐述由结果得出的推论时,通常使用现在时。如:The data reported here suggest (These findings support the hypothesis, Our data provide evidence) that the reaction rate may be determined by the amount of oxygen available.

  Some points of style

  (摘自一个老外的Writing a Paper, 第一点和最后一点是我们经常用错的)

  Do not use nouns as adjectives (不要把名词当作形容词用)l

  Not: ATP formation; reaction product

  But: Formation of ATP; product of the reaction

  The word “this” must always be followed by a noun, so that its reference is explicit.l

  (This 后面必须跟一个名词)

  Not: This is a fast reaction; This leads us to conclude..,

  But: This reaction is fast; This observation leads us to conclude…

  Describe experimental results in the past tense. (试验结果用过去时)l

  Not: Addition of water gives product.

  But: Addition of water gave product.

  Use the active voice whenever possible. (尽可能使用主动语态)l

  Not: It was observed that the solution turned red.

  But: The solution turned red.

  OR We observed that the solution turned red.

  Complete all comparisons. (使用完整的比较形式 A is higher than B)l

  Not: The yield was higher using bromine.

  But: The yield was higher using bromine than chlorine.

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